Zika incidence map


Samuel, G. et al. BCM Public Health A survey of the knowledge, attitudes and practices on Zika virus in New York City Jan 2, 2018 --84% reported hearing of Zika virus. Knowledge of Zika Transmission is not significantly associated with travel history but is significantly associated with pregnancy. Participants reported actions related to reduction of mosquito breeding sites (94%) and protection against mosquito-borne transmission (63%) than of protection against sexual transmission (23%)

Brown, C. K. et al. American Journal of Industrial Medicine Zika virus in workers: Considerations for ongoing exposure prevention. Apr 26, 2019 This commentary summarizes recommendations for adapting and implementing workplace controls to prevent occupational Zika virus exposures and infections at individual worksites.

Rosenberg, E. S. et al. Journal of Infectious Diseases Prevalence and Incidence of Zika Virus Infection Among Household Contacts of Patients With Zika Virus Disease, Puerto Rico, 2016–2017 Dec 13, 2019 Sexual contact is a risk factor for ZIKV infection.

Zambrano, L. I. et al. International Journal of Infectious Diseases Guillain–Barré syndrome associated with Zika virus infection in Honduras, 2016–2017 July, 2019 …Neurological consequences of ZIKV include CZS and GBS, but also encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, myelitis, sensory neuropathies, optic neuropathy, seizures, and epilepsy, among other reported complications (Medina and Medina-Montoya, 2017).

Silva Marinho, P. E. et al. Journal of NeuroVirology Central and peripheral nervous system involvement in Zika virus infection in a child. June 20, 2019 A 7-year-old boy presented with encephalomyeloradiculitis and no classic symptoms of arboviruses. ZIKV can be associated with diffuse nervous system infection in children.

Rodríguez-Morales, A.J. et al. International Journal of Infectious Diseases Fatal Zika virus disease in adults: A critical reappraisal of an under-recognized clinical entity Jun, 2019

Borges, E. D. et al. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics An update on the aspects of Zika virus infection on male reproductive system May 30, 2019 An updated overview of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of ZIKV infection, with data on ZIKV persistence in semen and associated risks to the male reproductive system ….

Burdmann, E. A. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease Flaviviruses and Kidney Diseases May, 2019 Acute and chronic kidney syndromes associated with dengue, yellow fever, Zika, and West Nile virus disease.

Ala`a, A. et al. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research Current Issue in Tourism: Disease Transmission as a Potential Risk for Travelers, 2019 Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika --a concern for travelers.

Almeida Bentes, A. et al. Journal of Clinical Virology Neurological manifestations of pediatric arboviral infections in the Americas May 8, 2019 Dengue has three possible neuropathogenic mechanisms: invasion of the nervous system, metabolic or vascular disorders or immune-mediated. Neurological manifestations of acquired Zika includes hemiparesis, myelitis, Guillain-Barré, cortical infarction and behavioral changes. Neurological manifestations in children with Chikungunya were seizures, encephalitis, meningism and behavioral changes. Among the children with neurological manifestations due to CHIKV, 5.6% died and 8.5% developed neuronal sequelae.

Johnson, N. et al. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Emerging Mosquito-Borne Threats and the Response from European and Eastern Mediterranean Countries. Dec 7, 2018. … Mosquito-borne viruses threaten public health in Europe and the eastern Mediterranean.

Adams, L.E. et al. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Epidemiology of Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Virus Disease in the U.S. States and Territories, 2017. Aug 19, 2019 Epidemiology of dengue, chikungunya, and noncongenital Zika virus disease cases reported from U.S. states and territories in 2017 ….Travelers to the US and residents of areas with active virus transmission should be informed of both the ongoing risk from dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus disease and personal protective measures to lower their risk of mosquito bites and to help prevent the spread of these diseases. 

Dirlikov, E. et al. JAMA Neurology May 21, 2018 GBS Symptoms more severe when caused by Zika. GBS is a post-infectious autoimmune disorder, characterized by weakness and poor reflexes.  Countries with large Zika outbreaks have reported a spike in GBS cases in the months following a wave of Zika activity. Symptoms include facial weakness, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, facial paresthesia.  Patients complain of Zika-like symptoms.  Six months into the illness, patients has excessive or inadequate tearing (tear duct dysfunctions), difficulty drinking and pain.